Lump on Foot: A General Overview
People who may observe the development or the presence of a lump on side of the foot may have already done a quick personal evaluation of the said lump. Individuals may ask “Is the lump painful?”, “Is the lump hard or soft?”, “Does it have a different shade compared to the other portions of the skin?”, and “Did you recently experience some form of injury in the affected area?”
Different ailments may be the reason behind the development of this foot lump. A short look at the lump itself may be able to help the individual determine what the lump is.
Possible Causes of Lump on the Foot
Listed below are some of the possible causes of lump on the foot:
A Bone Spur
A spur of the bone that develops out of the foot’s joint is commonly referred to as a tarsal boss, dorsal exostosis, or a dorsal boss. It is some bone tissue that has experienced excessive growth. These bone spurs can develop when an extra bone grows in the body is trying to have certain damaged portions repaired or when pressure is applied for long periods on the bone. This kind of bone growth can happen to any bone in the body but it can be commonly found in the joints. Bone spurs are usually the result of damaged joints due to osteoarthritis.
These are sacs that are small in size and are filled with fluid helping in the reduction of irritation and friction between the skin of the joints, the muscles, the tendons, and the bones. The said sacs are referred to as bursae. Once one of the sacs experiences inflammation, the resulting condition is known as bursitis.
This inflammation of the joint sacs can occur in any part of the body which includes the joint where the foot and the big toes connect. The symptoms of bursitis may persist for several weeks and can be addressed by taking OTC or over-the-counter pain relievers such as aspirin or ibuprofen and other
NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs ), applying ice, or by resting the affected area. Patients should seek medical assistance if they observe swelling that is excessive in the area that is affected, severe pain in the affected area, and bursitis does not get well or does not resolve after half a month or two (2) weeks.
This is a condition that is rare and can sometimes affect the foot. However, cutaneous horns are commonly found in the shoulders, neck, or face. These growths are composed of keratin, a form of protein found in the skin’s topmost layer. The name is taken from the conditions resemblance to the horns of an animal due to its spiked and bumpy shape.
Cutaneous horns may be a cancer indicator and as such, patients are advised to seek medical attention if cancer is suspected. Those who have already been diagnosed as having this kind of lump on the foot should contact their medical professional if the base of the horn hardens if the growth of the horn is too fast or rapid and if the affected area has some inflammation.
These cysts are lumps of fluid-filled tissue that can be compared to jelly. They can have various sizes from almost invisible to an inch or more in total size. Fortunately, ganglion cysts are benign or non-cancerous. People with ganglion cysts may have no associated signs or they may experience loss of mobility, numbness, and a tingling sensation in the area affected. Several ganglion cysts will resolve on their own but people may still opt to have these lumps taken out. The cyst will be removed by ha lumping drained and by having the fluid in the tissues removed.
This condition is the result of the buildup of uric acid. It can lead to inflammation and swelling in the big toe and other affected portions of the foot. The sensation of burning and pain can suddenly start. The medical professional may recommend that an ultrasound, X-ray, or blood test be conducted to properly diagnose this health condition. Also, the patient’s healthcare partner may recommend some changes to the patient’s lifestyle choices such as quitting cigarette smoking and adjusting one’s food intake or eating patterns.
This condition is a type of arthritis that can affect the big toe one damage or loss of cartilage occurs. It is commonly experienced by individuals within the age range of 30 years old to 60 years old. It can lead to stiffness and pain while walking and even the inability of the big toe to move. Some of the possible treatments for this condition is to alternately soak the affected foot between cold and warm water and by wearing footwear that can prevent the bending of the big toe. For extreme cases, some doctors may recommend surgery to treat the patient’s hallux rigidus.
These are lumps that can be easily moved and appear underneath the skin. Lipomas are skin tissue growths that are benign or non-cancerous and can occur on the foot and other parts of the human body. Lipomas can be diagnosed by the doctor through a biopsy or physical exam. As these are considered as being benign, some medical practitioners will also recommend that the lump be left alone. If needed, the lipoma may also be removed via surgery.
Those suffering from rheumatoid arthritis tend to develop lumps that are firm underneath the skin referred to as rheumatoid nodules. These lumps commonly show up in joints suffering from arthritis and while they are generally painless, they can be if they start pressing on a nerve resulting in inflammation. Doctors may use different treatments such as the use of steroids. If steroids are ineffective or if the rheumatoid nodules are severe, then surgical removal may be the only option.