Majority of the women would at least get one ovarian cyst at some point in their life. Moreover, not all is aware. Some women who happen to have ovarian cysts do not experience any symptom at all.
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs found in the ovaries of a woman. There are two ovaries found in the female reproductive system. Each ovary produces eggs during the childbearing period of a woman.
Like what I said earlier, not all women experience symptoms of ovarian cysts. Some of the symptoms are even harmless. However, some symptoms could also cause severe health risks. This happens when the ovarian cysts have ruptured.
There are different kinds of ovarian cysts. Some are considered common and non-cancerous while some are to be looked after.
Two Types of Functional Cysts
1. Follicle Cyst
During a woman’s normal menstrual cycle, an ovary produces an egg which later develops in a sac called follicle. Once the egg has matured, the follicle then breaks to release the egg. If the follicle fails to break, it will keep on growing as it turns itself into a cyst. Follicle cysts usually don’t have any symptom and are most likely to disappear within one to three months.
2. Corpus Luteum Cyst
After the follicle sacs have released the egg, it then shrinks into cells which are then called corpus luteum. Corpus luteum forms into a cyst if the follicle sac failed to shrink. This kind of cyst usually disappears over time but there could be instances that it could bring pain and bleeding.
The benign cysts or the less common ones are the following:
- Dermoids are usually cells that have been present since birth. These are sacs that are said to contain hair, fats, and other tissues.
- Cystadenomas are growths that develop outside the ovaries. They are said to contain watery fluids.
- Endometriomas are tissues that developed outside the uterus.
Some women may also develop Polycystic Ovary Syndrome or PCOS caused by small cysts formed in the ovaries. PCOS could cause problems with the ovaries which includes infertility.
Rare cases of ovarian cysts are the malignant ones and are considered cancerous.
Ovarian Cysts Symptoms
- Pelvic pain
- Abdominal bloating or swelling
- Painful bowel movements
- Painful intercourse
- Breast tenderness
- Unexpected weight gain
- Pain in lower back and thighs
Severe symptoms must be treated by a medical expert right away. Check out the following:
- Severe pelvic pain
- Rapid breathing
Ovarian Cysts Causes
1. Hormonal Problems
Developed functional cysts are known to disappear within months. But there are also prescribed drugs that can help combat cyst.
During the childbearing period, ovarian cysts are known to be of help. However, even after pregnancy, these cysts may stay and that’s the time where they have to be removed.
Endometrioma is an ovarian cyst developed by endometriosis.
4. Severe Pelvic Infection
Once the virus has spread to the ovaries and the fallopian tubes, cysts could be formed.
Ovarian Cysts Treatment
The doctors will have to recommend a treatment for cyst removal if the cyst didn’t disappear at a given time frame. The following are the possible treatments:
- Laparotomy is a treatment recommended for patients who have large cysts. The doctor will have to perform a large incision in the lower part of the abdomen to have the large cyst removed. A biopsy will have to be done also to further assess the condition of the cyst.
- Laparoscopy is a procedure done for small cysts. Just like Laparotomy, the doctor will have to perform a small incision but this time near the navel. He/she will have to insert a small instrument to have the cyst removed.
- Birth control pills are given for patients who happen to have recurring ovarian cysts. The oral contraceptives will be given to them to stop the ovulation. This will also stop the development of ovarian cysts.
Apart from the medical tests and treatments for ovarian cysts, there is also a number of ways to try in order to prevent those cysts from growing. The case is, ovarian cancer could also mimic ovarian cyst symptoms. This is why it will always be best to see a doctor whenever an individual is feeling a pinching sensation in the uterus.
There are also home treatments or ovarian cyst pain management that one can perform in order to suppress the pain. Let’s check out the list below.
There are a lot of painkillers available in the local drugstores. This is only a quick relief for the pain since there are some painkillers that don’t need any prescription. However, if these drugs won’t help then it’s time that medical assessments should be conducted.
Another way of pain management is by using heat to make the cramps go away. One may wish to use a water bottle with warm water inside or maybe a hot towel instead. Heat helps increase the blood flow which results in the reduction of pain.
Avoid stress and relax
One of the major causes of health problems is stress. To avoid this, there are some several relaxation techniques that one can use to help lessen the pain. For instance, aside from doing relaxing exercises such as yoga, drinking a cup of chamomile tea could be of help to relieve stress and anxiety.
Drink ginger tea
Ginger tea is a perfect natural treatment for pain and cramps. It is also a good source of antioxidants and anti-carcinogenic properties that one may find pretty useful in combating pain.
Weight loss and Dietary Change
In order to help the body regulate better hormones, it is best advised that a woman should try losing weight most especially if she’s quite far beyond her expected weight. By doing so, she could also save her body from growing cysts. Apart from the weight loss, a woman should try to achieve to combat cysts, a change in the diet could also help. This is because choosing the right kind of foods could bring the necessary nutrients and minerals in the body. A dietary change could also help maintain a good weight to avoid not only ovarian cysts but as well as other illness such as diabetes.