Cardiovascular diseases usually happen when there is a clogged blood vessel in your body. Surprisingly, this illness is very common in other jurisdictions, including the US. But did you know that this disease has several types? It does! Some of these are well-known such as heart attack and heart failure. Here are the different types of heart diseases:
Coronary Heart Disease
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is an illness in which your arteries narrow, and your heart muscles do not receive oxygen and blood. When this happens, you have a high probability of dying on the spot. In fact, studies show that about 370,000 deaths in the US are caused by coronary heart disease.
This sickness starts when you have an injury to your coronary artery. Once this happens, you have the tendency to feel chest pains, heartburns, and shortness of breath.
Although there has been no official treatment for this disease, there are different ways to avoid this sickness, such as exercise and maintaining a healthy diet.
Just like CHD, angina is caused by narrowing of your arteries. You can get this sickness if you are a smoker or you are in a cold temperature. Unlike other heart diseases, angina can happen while you are eating or even resting as long as your heart is working harder than it should have.
You will know that you have angina when you are experiencing any of these symptoms: tightness, discomfort, burning, aching, and numbness, among others. When these occur, it is best that you take a rest first. You can take the nitroglycerin (NT6) tablet or any medication prescribed by your doctor. But if the discomfort is still there after 15 minutes, you should go to the hospital immediately.
Most people believe that a heart failure is when the heart suddenly stops beating. But that is not the case. In fact, heart failure means that your heart is not pumping enough blood for your body. It is a type of disease that you might ignore the first time its signs appear, but when not cured immediately, it can worsen.
This illness can be caused by several diseases such as diabetes, coronary heart disease, and diseases of the heart valves. IIf you have this sickness, be sure that you do not have pulmonary congestion or swelling in your body otherwise you might have a heart failure.
Heart attack or Myocardial Infarction happens when one of your heart muscles is damaged caused by blocked blood. You will know that you are going to have a heart attack when you feel profuse sweating, severe weakness, lightheadedness, and more. The best thing to do in this situation is to immediately call your doctor or go to the hospital.
There are studies that say that there are tendencies in which the clogging of the heart is brief which means that there is still a passage for nutrients and oxygen to your heart. Although this might save you from a heart attack, it is still better to get your heart checked instead of waiting for the worst case scenario to happen.
Peripheral Arterial Disease
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD), on the other hand, is a sickness caused by a blockage of blood in your feet and legs. The blockage stops oxygen-rich blood from passing around your body. When this happens, you will start to feel numbness in your legs, swelling, ulcer, and changes in the color of your legs. If this illness is not treated, it can result in amputation or gangrene.
Meanwhile, the arrhythmia is when there is a problem in your heart’s electrical system. If you have this disease, you may feel that your heartbeat is slow or irregular. Most of the time, when you have this, you will experience fatigue, dizziness, and even fainting.
There are four types of arrhythmia:
- Bradycardia. This is when your heartbeat is slower than usual. Research says that it is not a problem, but when this situation lasts over time, it can be a threat to your health.
- Ventricular Tachycardia (VT). It is the opposite of bradycardia and instead of having a slow heartbeat, you will experience a rapid beat coming from the ventricles.
- Irregular o extra heartbeats. It is the same with VT but happens rarely.
Also called as an enlarged heart, cardiomegaly is usually caused by coronary heart disease or high blood pressure. Your heart has the tendency to enlarge when there is a damage in your heart muscle. Although you will not feel the effect of this illness immediately, your heart’s capability to pump may decline over time.
If not treated immediately, you might encounter some symptoms including leg swelling, shortness of breath, palpitations, and weight gain. Also, cardiomegaly is linked to another heart disease which is congestive heart failure. So when you experience these symptoms, be sure to check with your doctor.
Heart Valve Disease
As its name suggests, heart valve disease occurs when your heart valves are not working properly. Unfortunately, there are people who experience this sickness before birth. In addition, there are still no studies that have proven the actual cause of this disease.
These are just some of the well-known heart diseases. Others that you might encounter are rheumatic heart disease, inflammatory heart disease, and hypertensive heart disease. Heart disease symptoms may vary depending on the complication. It may be a damaged artery or a damaged heart valve. Just as the cause of these illnesses is different from one another.
But one thing is for sure, once you experience any of the aforementioned symptoms and have consulted your doctor, be sure to keep yourself as healthy as possible. Make it a point that you take your medicine on time and have a healthy body.
And even if you do not have any of these diseases, one good way to keep you out of these life-threatening illnesses is by taking a good care of your health. As they say, health is wealth.