Lyme disease is an inflammatory bacterial infection from a young black-legged tick and deer tick. The bacteria will spread to the body by the bites of these ticks. Usually, you can find ticks in woody and grassy places in your area. These ticks are too small to notice that’s why a lot of people got bitten by them and others develop Lyme disease and others will not it depends on your immune system on fighting the bacteria from ticks.
Lyme disease is somewhat tricky because some of its symptoms are the same as other diseases. But through a Lyme disease test, which is usually done by a blood test, you will able to know if you have it. Lyme disease is treatable but if you just take it for granted it can cause severe complications.
Different Type of Blood Test for Lyme Disease
- Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test (ELISA): This type of blood test will check your blood to see if you are affected by the bacteria that can cause Lyme disease. But there are times that ELISA will give you false negative result especially when you have undergone the blood test when the bacteria is not yet attacking your immune system.
- Western blot test: This test is will divide protein in your blood by using electricity. The main goal of this test is to compare your blood to the people who have Lyme disease. This test will be conducted even you are negative from ELISA. But other laboratory did not use blood as a sample they use urine it will depend on them what sample they will ask you.
- Cerebrospinal fluid: This test will be conducted if the disease will affect your nervous system. This procedure is done by using lumbar puncture or spinal tap.
These tests did not require any unique preparation before the test but if you are having lumbar puncture procedure your doctor may order you to empty your bowel and bladder before the doctor will perform the test.
Lyme disease tests do not have any serious risk to the patient if you have a blood test you will just have some bruises from the needle.
Symptoms of Lyme disease
The symptoms of Lyme disease will vary from the stages and progress of the disease
- Fever and chill
- Stiff neck and headaches
- Muscle tone dropping in the face area
- Feeling dizzy
- Shortness of breath or fast heartbeat
- Bone pain and Joint swelling
- Short term memory problem
- Feeling pain the feet and hands
- Rashes in the body
- Brain and spinal inflammation
Stages of Lyme disease
There are three stages of Lyme disease that you should know and they are the following;
Early localized Lyme: If you have early-stage of early localized Lyme localized disease you will feel the flu-like symptoms and your lymph nodes will be swollen and you will have a bull’s eye rashes and sore throat.
Early disseminated Lyme: You will feel flu-like symptoms but more severe and with pain in arms and legs. The vision may also change and even heart rates.
Late disseminated Lyme: This stage of Lyme Disease Test may occur late it can be a year when a tick bites you. Arthritis, vertigo, severe headache, and unable to have good sleep are the symptoms of this.
Who Are at Risk of Lyme Disease?
- People who are recently bitten by a tick
- Expose in a woody and grassy place without where ticks usually leave without any skin protection
- Recently visited northeast and midwest of the United State of America where cases of ticks are high
- 15 years old and age from 40-60 years old usually meal
How to Get Away from Lyme Disease?
- Do not walk in the area where the grass is high and woody
- Always walk at the center where the road is clear from grass
- If you will visit a woody and grassy place do wear long pants and a jacket.
- Use an insect repellant that has an ingredient called DEET. Apply it to your clothes and skin
- Take a bath when you go home from camping or from being exposed in the woody and grassy area
How Would You Know If the Tick Bites You?
To be able to know that the tick bites you, you should check your skin if you have this rash with circle especially when you are currently walking in the woody and grassy place. If you see that the tick is under your skin remove it immediately by using fine tip tweezers. To make sure that there are no parts of the ticks is under your skin clean it by using alcohol as antiseptic.
There are parts of the human body where ticks usually hide and they are the following.
- The back of your neck
- Behind or even inside of the ear
- Inside your belly button
- Legs and behind your knees
How to Dispose of the Ticks?
Do not kill ticks anywhere. To dispose of the ticks, put them into the water with soap or alcohol or simply flush it to your toilet bowl.
When to See Your Doctor?
If you see any rashes that look like bull’s eye rashes from tick bites and other symptoms see your doctor as soon as possible. Discuss with him the symptoms you experienced so that he can prescribe you medicine, which is usually antibiotics, to fight the bacteria.
What If Your Pets Have Ticks?
If your pets have ticks always take them a bath and clean. Use soap that can kill ticks because the more ticks in your place most likely you can have Lyme disease. Dogs are prone to tick bites than human and cats. According to research, 5 percent of dogs have a past infection link with tick bites. Usually, dogs who suffer from tick bites receive antibiotics the same treatment with humans. But you should always keep your dog clean especially if you have children in your home.
The more pets you have the more you need tick control to have Lyme disease. Remember that precaution is better than cure.