Hemorrhoids could be one of the reasons behind rectal bleeding. There could be instances where the walls of these vessels get stretched too much which could then cause irritation.
What are hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are the swollen veins found at the lowest part of your rectum and anus.
It could be painful and irritating. However, given some time, they could possibly disappear. There are also some ways wherein it can be treated and prevented. But experts suggest that when they start to appear, it must be treated right away.
What causes hemorrhoids?
Enlargement of the veins around the anus could be because of the following reasons:
- Genetics: Some people are most likely to catch hemorrhoids if their family members had one in the past
- Pregnancy: Childbearing women are vulnerable to hemorrhoids because as the uterus enlarges, it causes the veins to enlarge as well and bulge
- Aging: Studies show that adults aging from 45 to 65 years of age are most likely to experience hemorrhoids
- Diarrhea: Studies suggest that people who had cases of chronic diarrhea could experience hemorrhoids after
- Heavy lifting: Repeated lifting of heavyweights could lead to hemorrhoids
- Obesity: Even diet-related obesity could be a factor for hemorrhoids
- Constipation: Aside from diarrhea, a person who had chronic constipation is most likely to experience hemorrhoids
- Sitting and standing for too long: Just by simply standing for too long or by sitting most especially in the toilet could cause hemorrhoids
The symptoms are usually irritating. They may even appear as life-threatening. However, that is not true. These symptoms could be cured and could even be prevented.
- Swelling around the anus
- Painless bleeding (most especially during a bowel movement)
- Pain or discomfort
- Itching or irritation in the anal region
- Soreness and swelling in the anal area
Types of Hemorrhoids
Internal Hemorrhoids are those that cannot be seen and felt. These are the ones that develop inside the rectum. The only sign you can get to know that there are internal hemorrhoids is when you bleed.
On the contrary, external hemorrhoids are the visible ones. They are found under the skin and are most likely develop around the anal region. Unlike internal hemorrhoids, they are said to be painful. This is because the nerves on the said area are sensitive enough that even straining could cause bleeding.
A blood clot might also take place if there are external hemorrhoids. This blood clot is called a thrombosis. It is also painful and it can even itch a lot. Once the blood clot disappears, it could still cause irritation to the skin.
How to Treat Hemorrhoids
Once there is bleeding, that is already a sign that you should go and seek help from a medical expert. Doctors would conduct physical examinations and other tests to further diagnose hemorrhoids.
If you think you have hemorrhoids and you’re pretty sure about it, then it’s time you see a doctor. If you’re over 40, do not confuse bleeding with hemorrhoids right away. Bleeding may be due to other health conditions. Rectal bleeding may not primarily be because of hemorrhoids when you’re at that certain age. This is why we recommend you to talk with a doctor if this happens so they could assess you right away and know why such bleeding occurs.
Both external and internal hemorrhoids treatment should be advised by doctors. You cannot just come up with your own home remedies to treat such conditions.
Apart from the doctor’s treatments, you may also follow some advice in order to prevent hemorrhoids from taking place. The list we have provided below could also help ease the symptoms of hemorrhoids.
1. Eat high-fiber foods
By eating foods that are rich in fiber such as fruits and vegetables could help make your stool soft. As a result, you can avoid straining which is a cause of hemorrhoids. You can also include whole grain foods in your diet list. Adding up supplements that contain a good amount of fiber might help too.
2. Avoid straining
Overstraining could cause pressure on the veins in the lower rectum. As emphasized above, straining is a cause of hemorrhoids. So in order to prevent it, make sure you do not strain too much most especially when you poop.
Exercise does not only cause weight loss. It could also save you from constipation. Just by exercising, you would then refrain your body from sitting and standing at an extended period. By doing so, you can reduce pressure on the veins which could then help prevent hemorrhoids.
4. Go to the toilet if you have to
Whenever you feel like you have the urge to go, then do as you please. Waiting before you get to the toilet will only make the stool dry.
5. Live and eat healthy
By maintaining a healthy diet, you will save your body not only from experiencing hemorrhoids but also from catching other illnesses as well. Keep in mind that our body needs the right kind of nutrients and vitamins to keep our immune system strong. You wouldn’t have to worry about your weight too since eating clean and healthy can save you from overeating which could lead to obesity.
It has already been a must that whenever you feel pain or discomfort and natural remedies don’t work, then it’s a sign you see a doctor. Most especially when there is bleeding involved.
To address the condition, you may use the steps we’ve provided above so you can prevent it from happening. However, for cases that are too complicated, it is best that the doctors would have it checked so they would know which proper treatment is suitable for you.