Cocaine withdrawal is not at par with other drugs withdrawal when it comes to how intense is it physically. Having said that, it does not mean that Cocaine withdrawal symptoms are not physically challenging.
Withdrawal of some substances are physically extensive whilst in cocaine, the withdrawal is heavily psychological. For example, withdrawal from substances that involves intense physical symptoms. Cocaine withdrawal is mainly psychological with an association of a little physical withdrawal.
Here are some of the cocaine withdrawal symptoms:
- Foggy brain;
- Difficult concentration;
- Fatigue after an activity;
- Lowered libido;
- No ability to feel pleasure;
- Suicidal thoughts;
- Body symptoms;
- The intense desire for cocaine
- Intense desire to eat
When is Medicinal Detoxification Necessary?
Cocaine detoxification can be completed as an outpatient. However, in some cases, the doctors might recommend some sort of medication to help in the detoxification. If a person experienced a relapse in his withdrawal attempts, a full pledge 24 hours medical supervision might be nothing. Furthermore, some patients who are in a cocaine withdrawal associated with health disorders, need a medical detox. They have to be carefully supervised 24/7 because of their double condition. Their treatment should be followed by an intensive “inside the treatment facility” addiction treatment that can treat both the cocaine withdrawal and mental condition disorder issue.
Cocaine withdrawal is mainly psychological. With this, patients with this condition are most likely inclined to suicidal thoughts. This suicidal tendency amongst cocaine withdrawal patients is the most problematic aspect of cocaine withdrawal. Patients that are attempting to deplete their system with cocaine may suffer in intense depression, feeling of sadness, or loneliness.
Addressing Emotional Issues During Withdrawal
What is the psychological explanation as to why the all-time low emotional cocaine withdrawal symptoms of patients are that intense? If a patient is a regular cocaine user and has come to a point where he gets frisky whenever he does not have it, cocaine has become part of his system. With this, the patient’s brain is always adapting to the gaining momentum of increased dopamine level. In the long run, the person develops a tolerance to the substance. The person becomes less engaging to dopamine. This lead to an increase in the amount of intake of the substance to augment his dopamine needs.
In this junction, the brain had adjusted well with the constant surge of dopamine. If a person suddenly withdraws from the usage of cocaine, their brain does not experience that surge of dopamine. This will lead to the all-time low emotion of the user that will eventually lead to dissatisfaction, depression, and suicidal thoughts. If a user had a history of bouts of depression, suicidal thoughts and any mental disorder in general, it is better if the user undergoes a comprehensive treatment. This comprehensive treatment involves constant medical treatment, plus supervision.
Cocaine Withdrawal Timeline
Cocaine withdrawal acute condition is often resolved after about 2 weeks. On the contrary, most drugs, cocaine withdrawal is not easy. The intense desire for cocaine may continue suddenly even after a year of getting sober from it. Cocaine drug has a considerately short life. The withdrawal symptoms may happen as earlier as 80 minutes after the intake of the dose. The time of cocaine withdrawal varies for each individual. There are factors that determine the timeline of cocaine withdrawal symptoms:
The Length of Usage
For users who have been addicted to the drug for a short time, the withdrawal symptoms might not be that intense and the detoxification process is not that long. However, for people who abused the substance for many years, might have a harder process of cocaine detoxification. The longtime users might suffer withdrawal symptoms in weeks.
The average dosage used
The average dosage used is another factor in determining the time length of the withdrawal symptoms. For users who have used too large amounts of cocaine dosage, they might have a longer period of withdrawal and detoxification. For users that used little to an average dosage of cocaine, might get a shorter timeline of withdrawal and detoxification.
Some users are not generally using just one substance. Some of these users are using not just one but two or more substances at once. These patients upon withdrawal might experience two kinds of withdrawal symptoms from both substances. Each substance has its own withdrawal attributes in them. Combined withdrawal symptoms from both substances might be experienced by the user. This condition will complicate the detoxification process and the withdrawal symptom experience.
The environment is also one of the factors why in the first place, a user is abusing the substance. For example, if a person is constantly immersed in a stressful environment, he might find cocaine as an escape. The dopamine you get from cocaine makes you happy and alleviates the stressful mood you are in. If you have no chance of literally escaping the stressful environment, you might use cocaine again and again until you become addicted to it. Other environmental factor includes social problems, business troubles, or other determinants that may trigger to an intense desire for the drug.
Associated by medical or mental condition issues:
If a user has an associated medical or mental condition issues aside from having an addiction to cocaine, the procedure and process for detoxification might be more comprehensive compared to others. The interconnection between mental, physical, and psychological health all needs to be addressed by the treatment process.
Treatments for Cocaine Withdrawal
Unfortunately, no government agencies that give a go signal to medications that heal the drug withdrawal. Unlike other drugs like opioids, there are specific medications solely committed to treating the detoxification from the substance. However, doctors and experts are know how in this field. They know effective treatments have had promising effects on patients over the years. These medications help in users, overcoming their addiction and relieve them of the withdrawal symptoms.
Medical researches have come across these two medicines to treat cocaine withdrawal. These drugs are buprenorphine and naltrexone. These medicines effects were experimented to an animal subject and so far, proved themselves to be effective. The medicines can treat other patients too who are using drugs other than cocaine. There are findings in which both medicines, have relevant effective effects on its initial phase.
Medicine is said to have a relevant effect on cocaine withdrawal. This medicine is propranolol. Studies suggest that medicine have benefits and stabilizes the output. Initially, this medicine has been used to treat high blood pressure and other heart ailments. It is also prescribed for anxiety and psychological problems. The medicine’s effect on the psychological field is perfect for a user who has bouts of depression and anxiety. If these negative mental states are decreased, the other withdrawal symptoms will be treated and the whole process of detoxification might push through easily.
In general, medicine that treats psychological disorder is useful in treating some withdrawal symptoms. These medicines could possibly stabilize the moods of users, reduce their depression and eventually alleviate their suicidal thoughts. These kind of mood-stabilizing medicines are beneficial to some whose withdrawal last for a short period of time. For now, these medicines are effective perse’. However, their side effects and in-depth effects should be unraveled more by experts. Furthermore, studies on the behaviors and mental changes the drug can give should be done. This is to uphold the safety and quality of these medicines.